Recent Publications

Includes work by SACEMA Researchers, Students, Postdoctoral Fellows, Research Associates and Fellows from 2007 to 2021


Osman M, C van Schalkwyk, P, Naidoo, et al (2021) Mortality during tuberculosis treatment in South Africa using an 8-year analysis of the national tuberculosis treatment register Scientific Reports (2021) 11(1):15894 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-95331-w


Van Schalkwyk C., J. Moodley, A. Welte, LF. Johnson (2021) Modelling the impact of prevention strategies on cervical cancer incidence in South Africa International Journal of Cancer (2021) 149:8 https://doi.org/10.1002/ijc.33716


Adetokunboh, O.O, Z.E. Mthombothi, E.M. Dominic, S. Djomba-Njankou, J.R.C. Pulliam (2021) African based researchers’ output on models for the transmission dynamics of infectious diseases and public health interventions: A scoping review PLOS ONE. 2021;16(5):e0250086 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0250086


Atuhaire, L., O. Adetokunboh, C. Shumba and P.S. Nyasulu (2021) Effect of community-based interventions targeting female sex workers along the HIV care cascade in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis Atuhaire et al. Systematic Reviews 10:137 doi: 10.1186/s13643-021-01688-4


(2021) COVID-19 modelling update: Considerations for the third wave, including the impact of the Delta variant of concern https://sacmcepidemicexplorer.co.za/


Hargrove, J.W., & G.A. Vale (2021) Negative density-dependent dispersal in tsetse (Glossina spp): red flag or red herring? Medical and Veterinary Entomology 35(1):30-41 doi: 10.1111/mve.12466


Hargrove, J.W., J. Van Sickle, G.A. Vale, E.R Lucas (2021) Negative density-dependent dispersal in tsetse (Glossina spp): An artefact of inappropriate analysis PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 15(3): e0009026 doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0009026


Van Schalkwyk C., RE, Dorrington, T. Seatlhodi, C. Velasquez, A. Feizzadeh, LF. Johnson (2021) Modelling of HIV prevention and treatment progress in five South African metropolitan districts Scientific reports (2021) 11:5652 doi:10.1038/s41598-021-85154-0


Youngji, J., L. Jamieson, I. Edoka, L. Long, S. Silal, J.R.C. Pulliam, H. Moultrie, I. Sanne, G. Meyer-Rath, and B. E. Nichols (2021) Cost-effectiveness of Remdesivir and Dexamethasone for COVID-19 Treatment in South Africa. Open Forum Infectious Diseases 3(8):ofab040 doi: 10.1093/ofid/ofab040


Driessche, K.V., P.Z. Mahlobo, R. Venter, J. Caldwell, K. Jennings, A.H. Diacon, M.F. Cotton, R. de Groot, N. Hens, F.M. Marx, R.M. Warren, H. Mishra, & G. Theron (2021) Face masks in the post-COVID-19 era: a silver lining for the damaged tuberculosis public health response? The Lancet Respiratory Medicine doi: 10.1016/ S2213-2600(21)00020-5


Adetokunboh, O.O (2021) Mapping subnational HIV mortality in six Latin American countries with incomplete vital registration systems Local Burden of Disease HIV Collaborators BMC Medicine (2021) 19:4 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-020-01876-4


Dye, C., R.C.H. Cheng, J.S Dagpunar, & B.G. Williams (2020) The scale and dynamics of COVID-19 epidemics across Europe. The Royal Society 7(11) doi: 10.1098/rsos.201726


Awine, T., & S.P. Silal (2020) Accounting for regional transmission variability and the impact of malaria control interventions in Ghana: a population level mathematical modelling approach. BMC Malaria Journal 19(423) doi: 10.1186/s12936-020-03496-y


Oluwagbemi, O. O., F. E. Oluwagbemi, A. Jatto, & C. Hui (2020) MAVSCOT: A fuzzy logic-based HIV diagnostic system with indigenous multi-lingual interfaces for rural Africa. PLOS ONE 15(11): e0241864 doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0241864


Barclay, H.J., J.W. Hargrove, & P. Van Den Driessche (2020) Estimating tsetse fertility: daily averaging versus periodic larviposition. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 34(1): 27-33 doi: 10.1111/mve.12399


Deshpande, A., M.K. Miller-Petrie, P.A. Lindstedt, M.M. Baumann, K.B. Johnson, B.F. Blacker, H. Abbastabar, F. Abd-Allah, A. Abdelalim, I. Abdollahpour, K.H. Abegaz, O. Adetokunboh et al. (2020) Mapping geographical inequalities in access to drinking water and sanitation facilities in low-income and middle-income countries, 2000-17. The Lancet Global Health 8(9):e1162-1185. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30278-3


Murray, C.J., A.Y. Aravkin, P. Zheng, C. Abbafati, K.M Abbas, M. Abbasi-Kangevari, F Abd-Allah, A. Abdelalim, M. Abdollahi, I. Abdollahpour , K.H Abegaz, O.O Adetokunboh, & et al. (2020) Global burden of 87 risk factors in 204 countries and territories, 1990–2019: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019. The Lancet. 396(10258):1223-1249. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30752-2


Wang, H., K.M. Abbas, M. Abbasifard, M. Abbasi-Kangevari, H. Abbastabar, F. Abd-Allah , A. Abdelalim, H. Abolhassani, L.G Abreu, M.R Abrigo, A.L Abushouk, & O. Adetokunboh O et al. (2020) Global age-sex-specific fertility, mortality, healthy life expectancy (HALE), and population estimates in 204 countries and territories, 1950–2019: a comprehensive demographic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019. The Lancet 396(10258):1160-1203 doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30977-6


Vos, T., S.S. Lim, C. Abbafati, K.M. Abbas, M. Abbasi, M. Abbasifard , M. Abbasi-Kangevari, H. Abbastabar, F. Abd-Allah, A. Abdelalim, M. Abdollahi, O. Adetokunboh & et al. (2020) Global burden of 369 diseases and injuries in 204 countries and territories, 1990–2019: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019. The Lancet 396(10258):1204-1222. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30925-9


Murray, C.J., C. Abbafati, K.M. Abbas, M. Abbasi, M. Abbasi-Kangevari, F. Abd-Allah , M. Abdollahi, P. Abedi, A. Abedi, H. Abolhassani, V. Aboyans, O. Adetokunboh, & et al. (2020) Five insights from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019. The Lancet 396(10258):1135-1159 doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31404-5


Tamuzi, J.L., B.T. Ayele, C.S Shumba, O.O. Adetokunboh, J. Uwimana-Nicol, Z.T. Haile, J. Inugu, & P.S. Nyasulu (2020) Implications of COVID-19 in high burden countries for HIV/TB: A systematic review of evidence. BMC Infectious Diseases. 20(1):1-8 doi: 10.1186/s12879-020-05450-4


Azam, J.M., E.B. Are, X. Pang, M.J. Ferrari, & J.R.C. Pulliam (2020) Outbreak response intervention models of vaccine-preventable diseases in humans and foot-and-mouth disease in livestock: a protocol for a systematic review. BMJ journals 10(10) doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2019-036172


Lee, R.H., G.A. Vale, A.M.G. Barreaux, N.C. Ellstrand, & J.W. Hargrove, & S. English (2020) Big Baby, Little Mother: Tsetse Flies Are Exceptions to the Juvenile Small Size Principle. BioEssays :2000049 doi: 10.1002/bies.202000049


Adetokunboh, O.O., & E.B. Are (2020) Distribution and Determinants of HIV Prevalence in South Africa. Annals of Epidemiology. doi: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2020.08.061


Gibbs, H., C. A. B. Pearson, C. I. Jarvis, C. Grundy, B. J. Quilty, C. Diamond, & R. M. Eggo (2020) Changing travel patterns in China during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic. MedRxiv 11(5012) doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-18783-0


Rees, E.M., E.S. Nightingale, Y. Jafari, N. R. Waterlow, S Clifford, C. A. B. Pearson, T. Jombart, S. R. Procter & G. M. Knight (2020) COVID-19 length of hospital stay: a systematic review and data synthesis BMC Medicine 18(270) doi: 10.1186/s12916-020-01726-3


Marx, F.M, T. Cohen, N.A. Menzies, J.A. Salomon, & G. Theron (2020) Cost-effectiveness of post-treatment follow-up examinations and secondary prevention of tuberculosis in a high-incidence setting: a model-based analysis. THE LANCET Global Health 8(9), e1223-e1233 doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30227-8


Deshpande, A., M.K. Miller-Petrie, P.A. Lindstedt, M.M Baumann, K.B. Johnson, B.F. Blacker, H. Abbastabar, F. Abd-Allah, A. Abdelalim, I. Abdollahpour, K.H. Abegaz, O.O. Adetokunboh et al. (2020) The global distribution of lymphatic filariasis, 2000- 18: a geospatial analysis. The Lancet Global Health 8(9):e1186-e1194. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30286-2


Lozano, R., N. Fullman, J.E. Mumford, M. Knight, C.M. Barthelemy, C. Abbafati, H. Abbastabar, F. Abd-Allah, M. Abdollahi, A. Abedi, H. Abolhassani, O. Adetokunboh, & et al. (2020) Measuring universal health coverage based on an index of effective coverage of health services in 204 countries and territories, 1990–2019: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019. The Lancet. 396(10258):1250-1284. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30750-9


Lord, J.L., R. S. Lea, F. K. Allan, M. Byamungu, D.R. Hall, J. Lingley, F. Mramba, E. Paxton, G A. Vale, J. W. Hargrove, L. J. Morrison, S. J. Torr, & H. K. Auty (2020) Assessing the effect of insecticide-treated cattle on tsetse abundance and trypanosome transmission at the wildlife-livestock interface in Serengeti, Tanzania. PLoS neglected tropical diseases 14(8): e0008288. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0008288


Hargrove, J.W., & G.A. Vale (2020) Negative density-dependent dispersal in tsetse (Glossina spp): red flag or red herring? Medical and Veterinary Entomology doi: 10.1111/mve.12466


Robin N. T., T. D. Hollingsworth, V. Isham, D. Arribas-Bel, B Ashby, T Britton, P. Challenor, L. H. K. Chappell, H. Clapham, N. J. Cunniffe, A. P. Dawid, C. A. Donnelly, R. M. Eggo, S Funk, N Gilbert, P. Glendinning, J. R. Gog, W. S. Hart, H. Heesterbeek, T House, M Keeling, I. Z. Kiss, M. E. Kretzschmar, A. L. Lloyd, E. S. McBryde, J. M. McCaw, T. J. McKinley, J. C. Miller, M. Morris, P. D. O’Neill, K. V. Parag, C. A. B. Pearson, L. Pellis, J. R. C. Pulliam, J. V. Ross, G. S. Tomba, B. W. Silverman, C. J. Struchiner, M. J. Tildesley, P. Trapman, C. R. Webb, D. Mollison, & O Restif (2020) Key questions for modelling COVID-19 exit strategies. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 287(1932): 20201405 doi: 10.1098/rspb.2020.1405


Khan, S., S. Donna, F. Walsh, S. Mazibuko, M. Pasipamire, B. Chai, R. Reis, K. Mlambo, W. Delva, G Khumalo, M. Zwane, Y. Fleming, E. Mafara, A. Hettema, C Lejeune, A. Chao, T. Bänighausen, & V. Okello (2020) Early access to antiretroviral therapy versus standard of care among HIV-positive participants in Eswatini in the public health sector: the MaxART stepped-wedge randomized controlled trial. Journal of the International AIDS Society 23(9): e25610 doi: 10.1002/jia2.25610


Osman.M., A. Welte, P. Naidoo, M. Loveday, & A.C. Hesseling (2020) Limitations and potential bias in vital registration data and tuberculosis mortality reporting in South Africa. South African Medical Journal 110(17): 607-609 doi: 10.7196/SAMJ.2020.v110i7.14533


Brooke E.N., L. Jamieson, S. R. C. Zhang, G. A. Rao, S. Silal, J. R. C. Pulliam, I Sanne, & G. Meyer-Rath (2020) The Role of Remdesivir in South Africa: Preventing COVID-19 Deaths Through Increasing Intensive Care Unit Capacity. Clinical Infectious Diseases doi: 10.1093/cid/ciaa937


Chao, A., D. Spiegelman, S. Khan, F. Walsh, S. Mazibuko, M. Pasipamire, B. Chai, R. Reis, K. Mlambo, W. Delva, G. Khumalo, M. Zwane, Y. Fleming, E. Mafara, A. Hettema, C. Lejeune, T. Bärnighausen, & V. Okello (2020) Mortality under early access to antiretroviral therapy vs. Eswatini’s national standard of care: the MaxART clustered randomized steppedwedge trial. HIV Medicine 21:429-440 doi: 10.1111/hiv.12876


Hazelbag, C.M., J. Dushoff, E.M. Dominic, Z.E. Mthombothi, & W. Delva (2020) Calibration of individual-based models to epidemiological data: A systematic review. PLOS Computational Biology 16(5):e1007893 doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1007893


Are, E.B, & J. Hargrove (2020) Uncertainty and sensitivity analyses of extinction probabilities suggest that adult female mortality is the weakest link for populations of tsetse (Glossina spp) PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases 14(5): e0007854 doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0007854


Clifford, S., C.A.B. Pearson, , P. Klepac, K. Van Zandvoort, B. J. Quilty, R. M. Eggo, & S. Flasche (2020) Effectiveness of interventions targeting air travellers for delaying local outbreaks of SARS-CoV-2. Journal of Travel Medicine 27(5): 1-8 doi: 10.1093/jtm/taaa068


Pearson, C. A. B., C. van Schalkwyk , A.M. Foss , K.M. O'Reilly , R. Beauclair , E.B. Are , O.O. Adetokunboh, J. Bingham, C.M. Hazelbag, I. Kombe, B.J. Sempa, & J.R.C. Pulliam, E.S. Nightingale, S. Funk, R.M. Eggo , J. Hellewell, A.J. Kucharski, Q.J. Leclerc , N.G. Davies, J.C. Emery, S. Flasche, N.I. Bosse , S. Abbott, M. Auzenbergs, A. Gimma, S.R. Procter, R.M.G.J. Houben , T.W. Russell, A. Endo, C. Diamond, J.D. Munday, G. Knight, F.Y. Sun, Y. Liu, A.K. Deol, T. Jombart , B.J. Quilty, S. Clifford , P. Klepac , K. van Zandvoort, K. Prem, A. Rosello, G. Medley, M. Jit, C.I. Jarvis, H. Gibbs, & W.J. Edmunds (2020) Projected early spread of COVID-19 in Africa through 1 June 2020. Eurosurveillance 25(18) 2000543 doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2020.25.18.2000543


Are, E.B, & J. Hargrove (2020) Extinction probabilities as a function of temperature for populations of tsetse (Glossina spp.) PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases 14(5): e0007769 doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0007769


Allwood B.W, M. M. van der Zalm, A. F. S. Amaral, A. Byrne, S. Datta, U. Egere, C. A. Evans, D. Evans, D. M Gray, G. Hoddinott, O. Ivanova, R. Jones, G. Makanda, F. M. Marx, J. Meghji, S. Mpagama, J. G. Pasipanodya, A. Rachow, I. Schoeman, J. Shaw, C. Stek, S. van Kampen, D. von Delft, N. F. Walker, R. S. Wallis, & K. Mortimer (2020) Post-tuberculosis lung health: perspectives from the First International Symposium. The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 24(8):820–828 doi: 10.5588/ijtld.20.0067


S. English, A. M.G. Barreaux, M. B. Bonsall, J. W. Hargrove, M.J. Keeling, K. S. Rock, & Glyn A. Vale (2020) Incorporating Vector Ecology and Life History into Disease Transmission Models: Insights from Tsetse (Glossina spp.) Population Biology of Vector-Borne Diseases 175-188 doi: 10.1093/oso/9780198841661.003.0010


Jombart, T., K. van Zandvoort, T. W. Russell , C. I. Jarvis, A. Gimma, S. Abbott, S. Clifford, S. Funk, H. Gibbs, Y. Liu, C. A. B. Pearson, N. I. Bosse, R.M. Eggo, Adam J.Kucharski, & W. J. Edmunds (2020) Inferring the number of COVID-19 cases from recently reported deaths. Wellcome Open Research 5:78 doi: 10.12688/wellcomeopenres.15786.1


Bolton, L., T. M. Acho, D. K. Stones, & C. Hui (2020) Describing the evolution of myeloid-derived leucocytes in treated B-lineage paediatric acute lymphoblastic leukaemia with a data-driven granulocyte-monocyte-blast model. Mathematical Medicine and Biology: A Journal of the IMA doi: 10.1093/imammb/dqaa003


Hargrove, J.W (2020) A model for the relationship between wing fray and chronological and ovarian ages in tsetse (Glossina spp). Medical and Veterinary Entomology 34(3): 251-263 doi: 10.1111/mve.12439


Martinez, L., O. Cords, C. R. Horsburgh, J. R. Andrews, & Pediatric TB Contact Studies Consortium* (2020) The risk of tuberculosis in children after close exposure: a systematic review and individual-participant meta-analysis. 395: 973-984 doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30166-5


Graham, R. N., L. Qian, K. Bruxvoort, F. M. Marx, L. K. Whittles, J. Lewnard (2020) Inference of naturally-acquired immunity using a self-matched negative control design. medRxiv doi: 10.1101/2020.03.01.20029850


Kyu, H. L., B. Nikolay, H. M.S. Sazzad, M. J. Hossain, A. K. M. Dawlat Khan, M. Rahman, S. M. Satter, S. T. Nichol, J. D. Klena, J. R. C. Pulliam, A. Kilpatrick, S. Sultana, S. Afroj, P. Daszak, S. Luby, S. Cauchemez, H. Salje, & E. S. Gurley (2020) Changing Contact Patterns Over Disease Progression: Nipah Virus as a Case Study. The Journal of Infectious Diseases 222(3): 438–442 doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiaa091


Facente S.N., E. Grebe, C.D. Pilcher, M.P. Busch, G. Murphy, & A. Welte (2020) Estimated dates of detectable infection (EDDIs) as an improvement upon Fiebig staging for HIV infection dating. Epidemiology and Infection 148:1-5 doi: 10.1017/S0950268820000503


Mishra.H., B. W. P. Reeve, Z. Palmer, J. Caldwell, T. Dolby, C. C. Naidoo, J. G. Jackson, S.G Schumacher, C. M. Denkinger, A. H. Diacon, P. D. van Helden, F. M. Marx, R. M.Warren, & G. Theron (2020) Xpert MTB/RIF Ultra and Xpert MTB/RIF for diagnosis of tuberculosis in an HIV-endemic setting with a high burden of previous tuberculosis: a two-cohort diagnostic accuracy study. The Lancet Respiratory Medicine 8(4): 368-382 doi: 10.1016/ S2213-2600(19)30370-4


Desmond, C., P. Labuschagne, L. Cluver, M. Tomlinson, L. Ritcher, X. Hunt, M. Marlow, & A. Welte (2020) Modelling the impact of maternal HIV on uninfected children: correcting current estimates. AIDS care 32 (11): 1406-1414 doi: 10.1080/09540121.2020.1720587


Hladish, T.J., C.A.B Pearson, K. B. Toh, D.P Rojas, P. Manrique-Saide, G.M Vazquez-Prokopec, M. E. Halloran, & I.M Longini (2020) Designing effective control of dengue withcombined interventions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 117(6) 3319-3325 doi:10.1073/pnas.1903496117


Quaife, M., R. M. J. Houben, B. Allwood, T. Cohen, A.K Coussens, A.D. Harries, F.M. Marx, S. Sweeney, R.S. Wallis, & N. A. Menzies (2020) Post-tuberculosis mortality and morbidity: valuing the hidden epidemic. THE LANCET Respiratory Medicine doi: 10.1016/S2213-2600(20)30039-4


Nnaji, C.A., M.S. Shey, O.O. Adetokunboh, & C.S. Wiysonge. (2020) Immunogenicity and safety of fractional dose yellow fever vaccination: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Vaccine. 38(6):1291-1301. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2019.12.018


Hargrove, J.W., & G.A. Vale (2020) Models for the rates of pupal development, fat consumption and mortality in tsetse (Glossina spp). Bulletin of Entomological Research 110(1) : 44-56 doi: 10.1017/S0007485319000233


Khaphetsi, J.M., L. de Pillis, R. Ouifki, A. Eladdadi, & P. Maini, A. Yoon, & C. Yun (2020) Mesenchymal stem cells used as carrier cells of oncolytic adenovirus results in enhanced oncolytic virotherapy. Scientific Reports 10, 425, doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-57240-x


Barclay, H.J., J.W. Hargrove, & P. Van Den Driessche (2020) Modelling optimal timing and frequency of insecticide sprays for eradication or knockdown of closed populations of tsetse flies Glossina spp. (Diptera: Glossinidae) Medical and Veterinary Entomology 34: 151-163 doi: 10.1111/mve.12430


Yaya, S., O.A. Uthman, M. Kunnuji, K. Navaneetham, J.O. Akinyemi, R.M. Kananura, V. Adjiwanou, O. Adetokunboh, & G. Bishwajit. (2020) Does economic growth reduce childhood stunting? A multicountry analysis of 89 Demographic and Health Surveys in sub-Saharan Africa. . BMJ Global Health. 5(1). doi: 10.1136/bmjgh-2019-002042


Liesenborgs, J., D.M. Hendrickx, E. Kuylen, D. Niyukuri, N. Hens, & W. Delva (2019) SimpactCyan 1.0: An Open-source Simulator for Individual-Based Models in HIV Epidemiology with R and Python Interfaces. Scientific Reports 9, 19289 doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-55689-4


Santer, R.D., G.A. Vale, D. Tsikire, & S.J. Torr (2019) Optimising targets for tsetse control: Taking a fly's eye view to improve the colour of synthetic fabrics. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 13(12): e0007905 doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0007905


Sempa, J.B., T.M. Rossouw, E. Lesaffre, & M. Nieuwoudt (2019) Cumulative viral load as a predictor of CD4+ T-cell response to antiretroviral therapy using Bayesian statistical models. PloS one 14(11):e0224723. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0224723


Granich, R., & B. Williams (2019) Treatment as prevention trials and ending AIDS: what do we know when did we know it, and what did we do? Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS, 14(6): 514-520 doi: 10.1097/COH.0000000000000582


Grebe, E., S.N. Facente, J. Bingham, C.D. Pilcher, A. Powrie, J.Gerber, G. Priede, T. Chibawara, M.P. Busch, G. Murphy, R. Kassanjee, & A. Welte (2019) Interpreting HIV diagnostic histories into infection time estimates: analytical framework and online tool. BMC infectious diseases 19(1):894, doi: 10.1186/s12879-019-4543-9


Are, E.B, & J. Hargrove (2019) The weakest link: uncertainty and sensitivity analysis of extinction probability estimates for tsetse (Glossina spp) populations. BioRxiv 810564 doi: 10.1101/810564


Mehta, U.C., C. van Schalkwyk, P. Naidoo, A. Ramkissoon, O. Mhlongo, N.R. Maharaj, N. Naidoo, K. Fieggen, M.F. Urban, S. Krog, A. Welte, M. Dheda, Y. Pillay, & N.F. Moran (2019) Birth outcomes following antiretroviral exposure during pregnancy: Initial results from a pregnancy exposure registry in South Africa Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine 20(1):12 doi:10.4102/sajhivmed.v20i1.971


Mulberry, N., A.R. Rutherford, R.W. Wittenberg, & B.G. Williams (2019) HIV control strategies for sex worker-client contact networks. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 16(158): 20190497 doi: 10.1098/rsif.2019.0497


Are, E.B, & J. Hargrove (2019) Extinction probabilities, times to extinction, basicreproduction number and growth rates for tsetse(Glossina spp) populations as a function oftemperature. BioRxiv :767350 doi: 10.1101/767350


Nagelkerke, N., L.J. Abu-Raddad, S.F. Awad, v. Black, B.G. Williams (2019) A signature for biological heterogeneity in susceptibility to HIV infection? Infectious Disease Modelling 3: 139-144. doi: 10.1016/j.idm.2018.08.002


Pearson, C.A.B., K. M. Abbas, S. Clifford, S. Flasche & T. J. Hladish (2019) Serostatus testing and dengue vaccine cost-benefit thresholds. Journal of the Royal Society Interface 16:20190234 doi: 10.1098/rsif.2019.0234


Barclay, H.J., J.W. Hargrove, & P. van den Driessche (2019) Estimating tsetse fertility: daily averaging versus periodic larviposition. Medical and veterinary entomology 34(1):27-33 doi: 10.1111/mve.12399


Frank, T.D., A. Carter, D. Jahagirdar, M.H. Biehl, D. Douwes-Schultz, S.L. Larson, M. Arora, L. Dwyer-Lindgren, K.M Steuben, H. Abbastabar, L.J. Abu-Raddad, O.O. Adetokunboh et al (2019) Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and mortality of HIV, 1980 to 2017, and forecasts to 2030, for 195 countries and territories: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study. The Lancet HIV 6(12): e831-e859, doi: 10.1016/S2352-3018(19)30196-1


Fatti, G., S. Najma, P. Bock, J.B. Nachega, & A. Grimwood (2019) South African National Adherence Guidelines: need for revision? Tropical Medicine & International Health. doi: 10.1111/tmi.13298


Marx, F.M., T.Cohen, C. Lombard, A.C. Hesseling, S.S. Dlamini, N. Beyers, & P. Naidoo (2019) Notification of relapse and other previously treated tuberculosis in the 52 health districts of South Africa. The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 23,(8):891-899. Doi: 10.5588/ijtld.18.0609


Sempa J.B., A. Welte, M.P. Busch, J. Hall, D. Hampton, S.N. Facente, .S.M Keating, K. Marson, N. Parkin, C. D. Pilcher, G. Murphy, & E. Grebe (2019) Performance comparison of the Maxim and Sedia Limiting Antigen Avidity assays for HIV incidence surveillance. PloS one 14(7):e0220345 doi: /10.1101/572677


Patterson, J., L. Abdullahi, G.D. Hussey, R. Muloiwa, & B.M. Kagina (2019) A systematic review of the epidemiology of hepatitis A in Africa. BMC Infectious Diseases 19:651 doi: 10.1186/s12879-019-4235-5


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Kassanjee R, McWalter T. A, Welte A. (2014) Short Communication: Defining optimality of a test for recent infection for HIV incidence surveillance. AIDS Research And Human Retroviruses 30(1). doi: 10.1089/AID.2013.0113.


Lurie M. N, Williams B. G. (2014) Migration and Health in Southern Africa: 100 years and still circulating. Health Psychology & Behavioural Medicine 2(1). PMID: 24653964.


Lima V. D, Granich R, Phillips P, Williams B, Montaner J. S. (2013) Potential impact of the US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS relief on the tuberculosis/HIV coepidemic in selected Sub-Saharan African countries. Journal of Infectious Diseases 208(12). doi: 10.1093/infdis/jit406.


Beauclair R, Delva W. (2013) Is younger really safer? A qualitative study of perceived risks and benefits of age-disparate relationships among women in Cape Town, South Africa. PLoS One. 8(11). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0081748.


Mareli M. Claassens, Cari van Schalkwyk, Elizabeth du Toit, Eline Roest, Carl J. Lombard, Donald A. Enarson, Nulda Beyers, and Martien W. Borgdorff. (2013) Tuberculosis in Healthcare Workers and Infection Control Measures at Primary Healthcare Facilities in South Africa. PLoS One 8(10). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0076272.


Kato M, Granich R, Bui D. D, Tran H. V, Nadol P, Jacka D, Sabin K, Suthar A. B, Mesquita F, Lo Y. R, Williams B. (2013) The potential impact of expanding antiretroviral therapy and combination prevention in Vietnam: towards elimination of HIV transmission. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 63(5). doi: 10.1097/QAI.0b013e31829b535b.


van Schalkwyk C, Mndzebele S, Hlophe T, Garcia Calleja J. M, Korenromp E. L, Stoneburner R, Pervilhac C. (2013) Outcomes and impact of HIV prevention, ART and TB programs in Swaziland--early evidence from public health triangulation. PLoS One. 8(7). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0069437.


Wim Delva, Yvette Fleming, and Lois Chingandu (2013) When to start ART in Africa ? primarily guided by RCTs or patient autonomy? Journal of The International AIDS Society 16(1). doi: 10.7448/IAS.16.1.18756.


Hargrove J. W. (2013) An example from the world of tsetse flies. Mathematical Biosciences And Engineering 10(3). PMID: 23906144.


Du Plessis J, Vanheel H, Janssen C. E, Roos L, Slavik T, Stivaktas P. I, Nieuwoudt M, van Wyk S. G, Vieira W, Pretorius E, Beukes M, Farr? R, Tack J, Laleman W, Fevery J, Nevens F, Roskams T, Van der Merwe S. W. (2013) Activated intestinal macrophages in patients with cirrhosis release NO and IL-6 that may disrupt intestinal barrier function. Journal of Hepatology 58(6). doi: 10.1016/j.jhep.2013.01.038.


Bellan S. E, Fiorella K. J, Melesse D. Y, Getz W. M, Williams B. G, Dushoff J. (2013) Extra-couple HIV transmission in sub-Saharan Africa: a mathematical modelling study of survey data. Lancet 381(9877). doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61960-6.


Vale G. A, Hargrove J. W, Chamisa A, Hall D. R, Mangwiro C, Torr S. J. (2013) Factors affecting the propensity of tsetse flies to enter houses and attack humans inside: increased risk of sleeping sickness in warmer climates. Plos Neglected Tropical Diseases 7(4). doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002193.


Delva W, Meng F, Beauclair R, Deprez N, Temmerman M, Welte A, Hens N. (2013) Coital frequency and condom use in monogamous and concurrent sexual relationships in Cape Town, South Africa. J Int AIDS Soc. 2013 Apr 24;16:18034. doi: 10.7448/IAS.16.1.18034.


Nosyk B, Audoin B, Beyrer C, Cahn P, Granich R, Havlir D, Katabira E, Lange J, Lima V. D, Patterson T, Strathdee S. A, Williams B, Montaner J. (2013) Examining the evidence on the causal effect of HAART on transmission of HIV using the Bradford Hill criteria. AIDS. 27(7). doi: 10.1097/QAD.0b013e32835f1d68.


Claassens M, van Schalkwyk C, den Haan L, Floyd S, Dunbar R, van Helden P, Godfrey-Faussett P, Ayles H, Borgdorff M, Enarson D, Beyers N. (2013) High prevalence of tuberculosis and insufficient case detection in two communities in the Western Cape, South Africa. PLoS One 8(4). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0058689.


Vale G. A, Chamisa A, Mangwiro C, Torr S. J. (2013) A neglected aspect of the epidemiology of sleeping sickness: the propensity of the tsetse fly vector to enter houses. Plos Neglected Tropical Diseases 7(2). doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002086.


Keebler D, Walwyn D, Welte A. (2013) Biology as population dynamics: heuristics for transmission risk. American Journal Of Reproductive Immunology 69(Suppl 1). doi: 10.1111/aji.12040.


Hasim A. Obaid , Rachid Ouifki , Kailash C. Patidar (2013) An unconditionally stable nonstandard finite difference method applied to a mathematical model of HIV infection International Journal of Applied Mathematics And Computer Science 23(2). DOI: 10.2478/amcs-2013-0027


Roxanne Beauclair, Fei Meng, Nele Deprez, Marleen Temmerman, Alex Welte, Niel Hens and Wim Delva (2013) Evaluating audio computer assisted self-interviews in urban south African communities: evidence for good suitability and reduced social desirability bias of a cross-sectional survey on sexual behaviour. BMC Medical Research Methodology 13(11). DOI: 10.1186/1471-2288-13-11.


Wlodzimirow K. A, Eslami S, Abu-Hanna A, Nieuwoudt M, Chamuleau R. A. (2013) A systematic review on prognostic indicators of acute on chronic liver failure and their predictive value for mortality. British Journal Of Medicine & Medical Research 4(15). doi: 10.1111/j.1478-3231.2012.02790.x.


M. L. Hbid, E. S?nchez, R. Ouifki. (2013) Hopf bifurcation via the Poincar? procedure in delay-differential equations with two delays. Revista Matematica Complutense 26(1). DOI: 10.1007/s13163-012-0099-6.


Granich R, Williams B, Montaner J. (2013) Fifteen million people on antiretroviral treatment by 2015: treatment as prevention. Current Opinion In HIV/AIDS 8(1). doi: 10.1097/COH.0b013e32835b80dd.


Okosun K. O, Rachid O, Marcus N. (2013) Optimal control strategies and cost-effectiveness analysis of a malaria model. Biosystems. 111(2). doi: 10.1016/j.biosystems.2012.09.008.


Vale G. A, Hall D. R, Chamisa A, Torr S. J. (2012) Towards an early warning system for Rhodesian sleeping sickness in savannah areas: man-like traps for tsetse flies. Plos Neglected Tropical Diseases 6(12). doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0001978.


Kama A. Wlodzimirow, Saeid Eslami, Robert A. F. M. Chamuleau, Martin Nieuwoudt, and Ameen Abu-Hanna. (2012) Prediction of Poor Outcome in Patients with Acute Liver Failure?Systematic Review of Prediction Models. Plos One 7(12). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0050952.


Hargrove J, Eastwood H, Mahiane G, van Schalkwyk C. (2012) How should we best estimate the mean recency duration for the BED method? PLoS One 7(11). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0049661.


Kassanjee R., T. A. McWalter, T. Bärnighausen & A. Welte (2012) A New General Biomarker-Based Incidence Estimator. Epidemiology. 23(5): doi: 10.1097/EDE.0b013e3182576c07.


Guy Severin Mahiane , Rachid Ouifki, Hilmarie Brand, Wim Delva, Alex Welte. (2012) A General HIV Incidence Inference Scheme Based on Likelihood of Individual Level Data and a Population Renewal Equation. PLoS One. 7(9): e44377. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0044377.


Rustomjee R, Mcleod R, Hanekom W, Steel G, Mahomed H, Hawkridge A, Welte A, Sinanovic E, Loots G, Grobler A, Mvusi L, Gray G, Hesseling A, Ginsberg A, Lienhardt C, Shea J, Tong X, Lockhart S, Churchyard G. J. (2012) Key issues in the clinical development and implementation of TB vaccines in South Africa. Tuberculosis 92(5). doi: 10.1016/j.tube.2012.05.001.


Torr S. J, Chamisa A, Mangwiro T. N, Vale G. A. (2012) Where, when and why do tsetse contact humans? Answers from studies in a national park of Zimbabwe. Plos Neglected Tropical Diseases 6(8). doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0001791.


Kristien Michielsen , Roxanne Beauclair, Wim Delva, Kristien Roelens, Ronan Van Rossem and Marleen Temmerman. (2012) Effectiveness of a peer-led HIV prevention intervention in secondary schools in Rwanda: results from a non-randomized controlled trial. BMC Public Health 12. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-12-729.


Gerritsen A. A, Mitchell J. S, Johnson S. M, Delva W. (2012) Challenges with using estimates when calculating ART need among adults in South Africa. South African Medical Journal 102(10). doi: 10.7196/samj.5946.


Hargrove J. W. (2012) Age-specific changes in sperm levels among female tsetse (Glossina spp.) with a model for the time course of insemination. Physiological Entomology 37(3). DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3032.2012.00845.x.


HIV Modelling Consortium Treatment as Prevention Editorial Writing Group. (2012) HIV treatment as prevention: models, data, and questions--towards evidence-based decision-making. PLoS Medicine 9(7). doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001259.


Eaton J. W, Johnson L. F, Salomon J. A, B?rnighausen T, Bendavid E, Bershteyn A, Bloom D. E, Cambiano V, Fraser C, Hontelez J. A, Humair S, Klein D. J, Long E. F, Phillips A. N, Pretorius C, Stover J, Wenger E. A, Williams B. G, Hallett T. B. (2012) HIV treatment as prevention: systematic comparison of mathematical models of the potential impact of antiretroviral therapy on HIV incidence in South Africa. PLoS Medicine 9(7) doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001245.


Delva W, Wilson D. P, Abu-Raddad L, Gorgens M, Wilson D, Hallett T. B, Welte A. (2012) HIV treatment as prevention: principles of good HIV epidemiology modelling for public health decision-making in all modes of prevention and evaluation. PLoS Medicin 9(7). doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001239.


Delva W, Eaton J. W, Meng F, Fraser C, White R. G, Vickerman P, Boily M. C, Hallett T. B. (2012) HIV treatment as prevention: optimising the impact of expanded HIV treatment programmes. PLoS Medicine 9(7). doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001258.


Myron S. Cohen, Christopher Dye, Christophe Fraser, William C. Miller, Kimberly A. Powers, and Brian G. Williams. (2012) HIV Treatment as Prevention: Debate and Commentary?Will Early Infection Compromise Treatment-as-Prevention Strategies? PLoS Medicine 9(7). doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001232.


Wood R, Racow K, Bekker L. G, Morrow C, Middelkoop K, Mark D, Lawn S. D. (2012) Indoor social networks in a South African township: potential contribution of location to tuberculosis transmission. PLoS One 7(6). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0039246.


Korenromp E. L, Glaziou P, Fitzpatrick C, Floyd K, Hosseini M, Raviglione M, Atun R, Williams B. (2012) Implementing the global plan to stop TB, 2011-2015--optimizing allocations and the Global Fund's contribution: a scenario projections study. PLoS One 7(6). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0038816.


Wlodzimirow K. A, Eslami S, Abu-Hanna A, Nieuwoudt M, Chamuleau R. A. (2012) Systematic review: acute liver failure - one disease, more than 40 definitions. Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 35(11). doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2036.2012.05097.x.


Usha K. Sharma, Marco Schito, Alex Welte, Christine Rousseau, Joseph Fitzgibbon, Brandon Keele, Stuart Shapiro, Andrew McMichael, and David N. Burns (2012) Workshop Summary: Novel Biomarkers for HIV Incidence Assay Development Aids Research And Human Retroviruses 28(6). doi: 10.1089/aid.2011.0332.


Lindh J. M, Goswami P, Blackburn R. S, Arnold S. E, Vale G. A, Lehane M. J, Torr S. J. (2012) Optimizing the colour and fabric of targets for the control of the tsetse fly Glossina fuscipes fuscipes. Plos Neglected Tropical Diseases 6(5). doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0001661.


Williams B. G. (2012) TB and HIV: deadly liaison or manageable threat? Science Translation Medicine 4(135). doi: 10.1126/scitranslmed.3004079.


Hargrove J. W, Ouifki R, Kajunguri D, Vale G. A, Torr S. J. (2012) Modeling the control of trypanosomiasis using trypanocides or insecticide-treated livestock. Plos Neglected Tropical Diseases 6(5). doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0001615.


Wlodzimirow K, Eslami S, Abu-Hanna A, Nieuwoudt M, Chamuleau R.A.F.M. (2012) Acute Liver Failure - What Is It? Hepatology 55( 4). DOI: 10.1002/hep.25519.


Bellan S. E, Pulliam J. R, Scott J. C, Dushoff J, MMED Organizing Committee. (2012) How to make epidemiological training infectious. Plos Biology 10(4). doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001295.


Cari van Schalkwyk, Madeleine Cule, Alex Welte, Paul van Helden, Gian van der Spuy, and Pieter Uys. (2012) Towards Eliminating Bias in Cluster Analysis of TB Genotyped Data. PLoS One 7(3). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0034109.


Kranzer K, Govindasamy D, van Schaik N, Thebus E, Davies N, Zimmermann M, Jeneker S, Lawn S, Wood R, Bekker L. G. (2012) Incentivized recruitment of a population sample to a mobile HIV testing service increases the yield of newly diagnosed cases, including those in need of antiretroviral therapy. HIV Medicine. 13(2). doi: 10.1111/j.1468-1293.2011.00947.x.


Beauclair R, Kassanjee R, Temmerman M, Welte A, Delva W. (2012) Age-disparate relationships and implications for STI transmission among young adults in Cape Town, South Africa. The European Journal Of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care 17(1). doi: 10.3109/13625187.2011.644841.


Granich R, Kahn J. G, Bennett R, Holmes C. B, Garg N, Serenata C, Sabin M. L, Makhlouf-Obermeyer C, De Filippo Mack C, Williams P, Jones L, Smyth C, Kutch K. A, Ying-Ru L, Vitoria M, Souteyrand Y, Crowley S, Korenromp EL, Williams B. G. (2012) Expanding ART for treatment and prevention of HIV in South Africa: estimated cost and cost-effectiveness 2011-2050. PLoS One 7(2). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0030216.


Venkatesh K. K, de Bruyn G, Lurie M. N, Modisenyane T, Triche E. W, Gray G. E, Welte A, Martinson N. A. (2012) Sexual risk behaviors among HIV-infected South African men and women with their partners in a primary care program: implications for couples-based prevention. AIDS Behavior. 2012 Jan;16(1):139-50. doi: 10.1007/s10461-011-9941-y.


Asha Saidi Kalula, Farai Nyabadza (2012) A theoretical model for substance abuse in the presence of treatment. South African Journal Of Science 108(3-4). Doi.Org/10.4102/Sajs.V108i3/4.654.


Hargrove J., C. van Schalkwyk & H. Eastwood (2012) BED Estimates of HIV Incidence: Resolving the Differences, Making Things Simpler. PLoS One. 7(1): e29736. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0029736.


Hargrove J. W, Ouifki R, Ameh JE. (2011) A general model for mortality in adult tsetse (Glossina spp.). Medical And Veterinary Entomology 25(4). doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2915.2011.00953.x.


Wim Delva, Marlise Richter, Petra De Koker, Matthew Chersich, and Marleen Temmerman. (2011) Sex Work during the 2010 FIFA World Cup: Results from a Three-Wave Cross-Sectional Survey. PLoS One 6(12). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0028363.


Brian G Williams, Reuben Granich, Christopher Dye. (2011) Role of acute infection in HIV transmission. Lancet 378(9807). Doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(11)61832-1.


Johnstone-Robertson S, Lawn S. D, Welte A, Bekker L. G, Wood R. (2011) Tuberculosis in a South African prison - a transmission modelling analysis. South African Medical Journal 101(11). PMID: 22272961.


Williams B. G, Abdool Karim S. S, Karim Q. A, Gouws E. (2011) Epidemiological impact of tenofovir gel on the HIV epidemic in South Africa. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 58(2). doi: 10.1097/QAI.0b013e3182253c19.


Williams B. G, Lima V, Gouws E. (2011) Modelling the impact of antiretroviral therapy on the epidemic of HIV. Current HIV Research 9(6). PMID: 21999772.


Kahn J. G, Marseille E. A, Bennett R, Williams B. G, Granich R. (2011) Cost-effectiveness of antiretroviral therapy for prevention. Current HIV Research 9(6). PMID: 21999776


Jones L, Akugizibwe P, Clayton M, Amon J. J, Sabin M. L, Bennett R, Stegling C, Baggaley R, Kahn J. G, Holmes C. B, Garg N, Obermeyer C. M, Mack C. D, Williams P, Smyth C, Vitoria M, Crowley S, Williams B, McClure C, Granich R, Hirnschall G. (2011) Costing human rights and community support interventions as a part of universal access to HIV treatment and care in a Southern African setting. Current HIV Research 9(6). PMID: 21999777.


Granich R, Lo Y. R, Suthar A. B, Vitoria M, Baggaley R, Obermeyer C. M, McClure C, Souteyrand Y, Perriens J, Kahn J. G, Bennett R, Smyth C, Williams B, Montaner J, Hirnschall G. (2011) Harnessing the prevention benefits of antiretroviral therapy to address HIV and tuberculosis. Current HIV Research 9(6). PMID: 21999771.


Granich R, Gupta S, Suthar A. B, Smyth C, Hoos D, Vitoria M, Simao M, Hankins C, Schwartlander B, Ridzon R, Bazin B, Williams B, Lo Y. R, McClure C, Montaner J, Hirnschall G; ART in Prevention of HIV and TB Research Writing Group. (2011) Antiretroviral therapy in prevention of HIV and TB: update on current research efforts. Current HIV Res 9(6). PMID: 21999779.


Auvert B, Mahiane G. S, Lissouba P, Moreau T. (2011) Statistical power and estimation of incidence rate ratios obtained from BED incidence testing for evaluating HIV interventions among young people. PLoS One 6(8). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0021149.


Okosun K. O, Ouifki R, Marcus N. (2011) Optimal control analysis of a malaria disease transmission model that includes treatment and vaccination with waning immunity. Biosystems 106(2-3). doi: 10.1016/j.biosystems.2011.07.006.


Wim Delva, Roxanne Beauclair, Alex Welte, Stijn Vansteelandt, Niel Hens, Marc Aerts, Elizabeth du Toit, Nulda Beyers and Marleen Temmerman. (2011) Age-disparity, sexual connectedness and HIV infection in disadvantaged communities around Cape Town, South Africa: a study protocol. BMC Public Health 11. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-11-616.


Delva W, Verguet S, Hargrove J, Williams B, Sheneberger R, Stander T, Welte A. (2011) Treatment-centred prevention: an integrated biomedical and social approach to HIV prevention. AIDS 25(11). doi: 10.1097/QAD.0b013e3283488503.


Williams B. G, Wood R, Dukay V, Delva W, Ginsburg D, Hargrove J, Stander M, Sheneberger R, Montaner J, Welte A. (2011) Treatment as prevention: preparing the way. Journal of the International Aids Society 14(1). doi: 10.1186/1758-2652-14-S1-S6.


Dye C, Bourdin Trunz B, L?nnroth K, Roglic G, Williams B. G. (2011) Nutrition, diabetes and tuberculosis in the epidemiological transition. PLoS One 6(6). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0021161.


Alex Welte, John Hargrove, Wim Delva, Brian Williams, Tienie Stander (2011) How different are the costs and consequences of delayed versus immediate HIV treatment? South African Medical Journal 101(6).


Wallengren K, Williams B. G. (2011) The Incidence and Distribution of Multidrug- And Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis In Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa. Clinical Trials 17.


Uys P, Marais B. J, Johnstone-Robertson S, Hargrove J, Wood R. (2011) Transmission elasticity in communities hyperendemic for tuberculosis. Clinical Infectious Diseases 52(12). doi: 10.1093/cid/cir229.


John W. Hargrove, Jean H. Humphrey, Agnes Mahomva, Brian G. Williams, Henry Chidawanyika, Kuda Mutasa, Edmore Marinda, Michael T. Mbizvo, Kusum J. Nathoo, Peter J. Iliff, Owen Mugurungib, the ZVITAMBO Study Group. (2011) Declining HIV prevalence and incidence in perinatal women in Harare, Zimbabwe. Epidemics 3(2). Doi: 10.1016/j.epidem.2011.02.004.


Incidence Assay Critical Path Working Group. (2011) More and Better Information to Tackle HIV Epidemics: Towards Improved HIV Incidence Assays. PLoS Medicine 8(7). doi:10.1371/annotation/0931760c-95fa-441c-a797-7b410a4c9326.


Reshma Kassanjee, Alex Welte, Thomas A. McWalter, Sheila M. Keating, Marion Vermeulen, Susan L. Stramer, Michael P. Busch. (2011) Seroconverting Blood Donors as a Resource for Characterising and Optimising Recent Infection Testing Algorithms for Incidence Estimation. PLoS ONE 6(6): e20027. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0020027.


Lawn S. D, Harries A. D, Williams B. G, Chaisson R. E, Losina E, De Cock K. M, Wood R. (2011) Antiretroviral therapy and the control of HIV-associated tuberculosis. Will ART do it? International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 15(5). doi: 10.5588/ijtld.10.0483.


Philippe Glaziou, Katherine Floyd, Eline L Korenromp, Charalambos Sismanidis, Ana L Bierrenbach, Brian G Williams, Rifat Atun and Mario Raviglione. (2011) Lives saved by tuberculosis control and prospects for achieving the 2015 global target for reducing tuberculosis mortality. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 89. doi: 10.2471/BLT.11.087510.


Auvert B, Sitta R, Zarca K, Mahiane S. G, Pretorius C, Lissouba P. (2011) The effect of heterogeneity on HIV prevention trials. Clinical Trials 8(2). doi: 10.1177/1740774511398923.


Tiemersma E. W, van der Werf M. J, Borgdorff M. W, Williams B. G, Nagelkerke N. J. (2011) Natural history of tuberculosis: duration and fatality of untreated pulmonary tuberculosis in HIV negative patients: a systematic review. PLoS One. 6(4). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0017601.


Torr S. J, Chamisa A, Vale G. A, Lehane M. J, Lindh J. M. (2011) Responses of tsetse flies, Glossina morsitans morsitans and Glossina pallidipes, to baits of various size. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 25(4). doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2915.2011.00947.x.


Lawn S. D, Ayles H, Egwaga S, Williams B, Mukadi Y. D, Santos Filho E. D, Godfrey-Faussett P, Granich R. M, Harries A. D. (2011) Potential utility of empirical tuberculosis treatment for HIV-infected patients with advanced immunodeficiency in high TB-HIV burden settings. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 15(3). PMID: 21333094.


Dunbar R, Lawrence K, Verver S, Enarson D. A, Lombard C, Hargrove J, Caldwell J, Beyers N, Barnes J. M. (2011) Accuracy and completeness of recording of confirmed tuberculosis in two South African communities. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 15(3). PMID: 21333100.


Parekh B. S, Hanson D. L, Hargrove J, Branson B, Green T, Dobbs T, Constantine N, Overbaugh J, McDougal J. S. (2011) Determination of mean recency period for estimation of HIV type 1 Incidence with the BED-capture EIA in persons infected with diverse subtypes. AIDS Research And Human Retroviruses 26(3). doi: 10.1089/aid.2010.0159.


Andrea A. Kim, Timothy Hallett, John Stover, Eleanor Gouws, Joshua Musinguzi, Patrick K. Mureithi, Rebecca Bunnell, John Hargrove, Jonathan Mermin, Reinhard K. Kaiser, Anne Barsigo, and Peter D. Ghys. (2011) Estimating HIV Incidence among Adults in Kenya and Uganda: A Systematic Comparison of Multiple Methods. PLoS One 6(3). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0017535.


Simon P Johnstone-Robertson, John Hargrove, and Brian G Williams (2011) Antiretroviral therapy initiated soon after HIV diagnosis as standard care: potential to save lives? HIV/AIDS - Research And Palliative Care 3. doi: 10.2147/HIV.S7278.


Biccard B.M., Welte A, Kassanjee R. (2011) Is it possible to decrease the incidence of peri-operative stroke associated with acute peri-operative beta-blocker administration? Anaesthesia 66(2). doi:10.1111/j.1365-2044.2010.06617.x.


Nicolas Bacaër, Carel Pretorius, Bertran Auvert (2010) An Age-Structured Model for the Potential Impact of Generalized Access to Antiretrovirals on the South African HIV Epidemic. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology 72(2180). doi:10.1007/s11538-010-9535-2


Gregson S, Gonese E, Hallett TB, Taruberekera N, Hargrove JW, Lopman B, Corbett EL, Dorrington R, Dube S, Dehne K, Mugurungi O. (2010) HIV decline in Zimbabwe due to reductions in risky sex? Evidence from a comprehensive epidemiological review Int J Epidemiol 39(5). doi: 10.1093/ije/dyq055.


Kim AA, McDougal JS, Hargrove J, Rehle T, Pillay-Van Wyk V, Puren A, Ekra A, Borget-Alloue MY, Adje-Toure C, Abdullahi AS, Odawo L, Marum L, Parekh BS. (2010) Evaluating the BED Capture Enzyme Immunoassay to Estimate HIV Incidence Among Adults in Three Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 26(10):1051-61. doi: 10.1089/aid.2009.0218.


Corbett EL, Bandason T, Duong T, Dauya E, Makamure B, Churchyard GJ, Williams BG, Munyati SS, Butterworth AE, Mason PR, Mungofa S, Hayes RJ. (2010) Comparison of two active case-finding strategies for community-based diagnosis of symptomatic smear-positive tuberculosis and control of infectious tuberculosis in Harare, Zimbabwe (DETECTB): a cluster-randomised trial. Lancet 376(9748). doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(10)61425-0.


Bärnighausen T., T. A. McWalter, Z. Rosner, M. L. Newell & A. Welte (2010) HIV incidence estimation using the BED capture enzyme immunoassay: systematic review and sensitivity analysis. Epidemiology. 21(5):685-97. doi: 10.1097/EDE.0b013e3181e9e978.


Reuben Granich, Siobhan Crowley, Marco Vitoria, Ying-Ru Lo, Yves Souteyrand, Christopher Dye, Charlie Gilks, Teguest Guerma, Kevin M De Cock, Brian Williams (2010) Highly active antiretroviral treatment as prevention of HIV Journal of the International AIDS Society 13(1). doi:10.1186/1758-2652-13-1.


B?rnighausen T, McWalter T. A, Rosner Z, Newell M. L, Welte A. (2010) HIV incidence estimation using the BED capture enzyme immunoassay: systematic review and sensitivity analysis. Epidemiology 21(5). doi: 10.1097/EDE.0b013e3181e9e978.


John Hargrove and Jean Humphrey for the ZVITAMBO Study Group (2010) Simplified estimation of the long-term specificity of the BED assay to improve estimates of HIV incidence. AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses 26(9). doi:10.1089/aid.2010.0009.


Williams B. G, Hargrove J. W, Humphrey J. H. (2010) The benefits of early treatment for HIV. AIDS 24(11). doi: 10.1097/QAD.0b013e32833ac860.


A Welte, T A McWalter, O Laeyendecker, T B Hallett (2010) Using tests for recent infection to estimate incidence: problems and prospects for HIV Euro Surveill. 15(24):pii=19589.


Ferrand R, Lowe S, Whande B, Munaiwa L, Langhaug L, Cowan F, Mugurungi O, Gibb D, Munyati S, Williams B. G, Corbett E. L. (2010) Survey of children accessing HIV services in a high prevalence setting: time for adolescents to count? Bulletin of The World Health Organization 88(6). doi: 10.2471/BLT.09.066126.


Desimpel A, Roelens K, Temmerman M, Delva W, De Boeck F, Goethals J and Maes L. (2010) Advies- en hulpvragen van jongeren in verband met seksualiteit. Tijdschrift Jeugdgezondheidszorg 42(2).


Delva W., Michielsen K, Meulders B, Groeninck S, Wasonga E, Ajwang P, Temmerman M, Vanreusel B. (2010) HIV prevention through sport: the case of the Mathare Youth Sport Association in Kenya. AIDS Care 22(8).


Reuben Granich, Christopher Akolo, Christian Gunneberg, Haileyesus Getahun, Phoebe Williams, and Brian Williams (2010) Prevention of tuberculosis in people living with HIV Clin Infect Dis 50 (Supplement 3): S215-S222. doi: 10.1086/651494


B. Betta, T.F. Randolph, P. Irungu, S.O. Nyamwaro, P. Kitala, J. Gathuma, D. Grace, G. Vale, J. Hargrove, J. McDermott (2010) Field trial of a synthetic tsetse-repellent technology developed for the control of bovine trypanosomosis in Kenya Preventive Veterinary Medicine 97(3–4). doi:10.1016/j.prevetmed.2010.09.001


Petra De Koker, Pierre Lefèvre, Francine Matthys, Patrick van der Stuyft, Wim Delva (2010) Barriers to VCT despite 13 years of community-based awareness campaigns in a peri-urban township in northern Limpopo. South African Medical Journal 100(6). doi:10.7196/SAMJ.3941.


Wim Delva, Elodie Yard, Stanley Lüchters, Matthew Chersich, Esther Muigai, Vicky Oyier and Marleen Temmerman (2010) A safe motherhood project in Kenya assessment of antenatal attendance, service provision and implications for PMTCT. Trop. Med. Int. Health 15(5). doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2010.02499.x


Wood R, Johnstone-Robertson S, Uys P, Hargrove J, Middelkoop K, Lawn SD, Bekker LG. (2010) Tuberculosis transmission to young children in a South African community: modeling household and community infection risks. Clin Infect Dis. 51(4). doi: 10.1086/655129.


McWalter TA, Welte A. (2010) Relating recent infection prevalence to incidence with a sub-population of assay non-progressors. Math Biol. 60(5):687-710. doi:10.1007/s00285-009-0282-7.


Anthony D Harries, Rony Zachariah, Elizabeth L Corbett, Stephen D Lawn, Ezio T Santos-Filho, Rhehab Chimzizi, MCommH, Mark Harrington, Dermot Maher, Brian G Williams, Prof Kevin M De Cock (2010) The HIV associated tuberculosis epidemic-when will we act? The Lancet 375(9729). doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60409-6


Yves Lafort, Diederike Geelhoed, Luisa Cumba, Carla das Dores Mosse L?zaro, Wim Delva, Stanley Luchters and Marleen Temmerman. (2010) Reproductive health services for populations at high risk of HIV: Performance of a night clinic in Tete province, Mozambique. BMC Health Services Research 10(144). DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-10-144.


Dye C, Williams B. G. (2010) The population dynamics and control of tuberculosis. Science 328(5980). doi: 10.1126/science.1185449.


Marinda ET, Hargrove J, Preiser W, Slabbert H, van Zyl G, Levin J, Moulton LH, Welte A and Humphrey J. (2010) Significantly Diminished Long-Term Specificity of the BED Capture Enzyme Immunoassay Among Patients With HIV-1 With Very Low CD4 Counts and Those on Antiretroviral Therapy J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 53(4). PMID: 20306555.


J. B. Rayaisse, I. Tirados, D. Kaba, S. Y. Dewhirst, J. G. Logan, A. Diarrassouba, E. Salou, M. O. Omolo, P. Solano, M. J. Lehane, J. A. Pickett, G. A. Vale, S. J. Torr, and J. Esterhuizen. (2010) Prospects for the Development of Odour Baits to Control the Tsetse Flies Glossina tachinoides and G. palpalis s.l. Plos Neglected Tropical Diseases 16(4). doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0000632.


Dewan PK, Gupta D, Williams BG, Thakur R, Bachani D, Khera A, Wares DF, Sahu S, Reddy DC, Raizada N, Chauhan LS. (2010) National estimate of HIV seroprevalence among tuberculosis patients in India Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 14(2). PMID: 20074420


Hargrove JW, Humphrey JH; ZVITAMBO Study Group. (2010) Mortality among HIV-positive postpartum women with high CD4 cell counts in Zimbabwe AIDS 24(3). PMID: 20095074


Stanley MF Luchters, Davy Vanden Broeck, Matthew F Chersich, Annalene Nel, Wim Delva, Kishor Mandaliya, Christophe E Depuydt, Patricia Claeys, John-Paul Bogers, Marleen Temmerman (2010) Association of HIV infection with distribution and viral load of HPV types in Kenya a survey with 820 female sex workers. Luchters et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 10(18). doi:10.1186/1471-2334-10-18.


Montaner J. S, Lima V. D, Williams B. G. (2010) Evaluating outcomes of the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief in Africa. Annals of International Medicine 152(2). doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-152-2-201001190-00019.


Reuben Granich, Siobhan Crowley, Marco Vitoria, Ying-Ru Lo, Yves Souteyrand, Christopher Dye, Charlie Gilks, Teguest Guerma, Kevin M De Cock, Brian Williams (2010) Cross-sectional HIV incidence surveillence: a benchmarking of approaches for estimating the 'mean duration of recent infection.' Journal of the International AIDS Society 13(1).


Timothy D. Mastro, Andrea A. Kim, Timothy Hallett, Thomas Rehle, Alex Welte, Oliver Laeyendecker, Tom Oluoch, and Jesus M. Garcia-Calleja. (2010) Estimating HIV Incidence in Populations Using Tests for Recent Infection: Issues, Challenges and the Way Forward. Journal of HIV/AIDS Surveillance and Epidemiology 2(1).


Delva W, Vercoutere A, Loua C, Lamah J, Vansteelandt S, De Koker P, Claeys P, Temmerman and Annemans L (2009) Psychological Well-Being And Socio-Economic Hardship Among Aids Orphans And Other Vulnerable Children In Guinea. AIDS Care-Psychological And Socio-Medical Aspects Of AIDS/HIV 21(12). doi: 10.1080/09540120902887235.


Guy R, Gold J, Garcia Calleja J. M, Kim A. A, Parekh B, Busch M, Rehle T, Hargrove J. W, Remis R. S, Kaldor JM. (2009) Accuracy of serological assays for detection of recent infection with HIV and estimation of population incidence: a systematic review. Lancet Infectious Diseases 9(12). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(09)70300-7.


Thomas A. McWalter, and Alex Welte (2009) A Comparison of Biomarker Based Incidence Estimators PLoS ONE 4(10): e7368. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0007368


Brian G. Williams, Alex Welte, Bertran Auvert, and John Hargrove (2009) Consequences of Early Treatment for Individuals at Risk of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection Clin Infect Dis. (2009) 49 (7). doi: 10.1086/605598


Mary-Ann Davies, Olivia Keiser, Karl Technau, Brian Eley, Helena Rabie, Gilles van Cutsem, Janet Giddy, Robin Wood, Andrew Boulle, Matthias Egger, Harry Moultrie, (2009) Outcomes of the South African National Antiretroviral Treatment Programme for children: The IeDEA Southern Africa collaboration S Afr Med J 99(10). PMCID: PMC2925142.


Hargrove, John W (2009) BED estimates of HIV incidence must be adjusted AIDS: 23(15). doi: 10.1097/QAD.0b013e32832f3d8b


Alex Welte, Thomas A. McWalter, and Till B?rnighausen. (2009) Reply to ?Should biomarker estimates of HIV incidence be adjusted??. AIDS 23(15). doi: 10.1097/QAD.0b013e32832eff59.


Wim Delva, Carel Pretorius, Marleen Temmerman (2009) Is scaling up enough to curb the HIV epidemic in southern Africa? South African Medical Journal 99(9).


Hankins C, Hargrove Jw, Williams Bg, Raddad La, Auvert B, Bollinger L, Dorrington R, Ghani A, Gray R, Hallet T, Kahn Jg, Lohse N, Nagelkerke N, Porco T, Schmid G, Stover J, Weiss H, Welte A, White P, White R. (2009) Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention in High HIV Prevalence Settings: What Can Mathematical Modelling Contribute to Informed Decision Making? PLoS Med 6(9): e1000109. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1000109.


Morna Cornell, Karl Technau, Lara Fairall, Robin Wood, Harry Moultrie, Gilles van Cutsem, Janet Giddy, Lerato Mohapi, Brian Eley, Patrick Macphail, Hans Prozesky, Helena Rabie, Mary-Ann Davies, Nicola Maxwell, Andrew Boulle (2009) Monitoring the South African National Antiretroviral Treatment Programme, 2003 - 2007: The IeDEA Southern Africa collaboration S Afr Med J. 99(9). PMCID: PMC2864850


Ferrand RA, Corbett EL, Wood R, Hargrove J, Ndhlovu CE, Cowan FM, Gouws E, Williams BG. (2009) AIDS among older children and adolescents in Southern Africa: projecting the time course and magnitude of the epidemic AIDS. 23(15). doi: 10.1097/QAD.0b013e32833016ce.


Jenny M. Lindh, Steve J. Torr, Glyn A. Vale, and Mike J. Lehane. (2009) Improving the Cost-Effectiveness of Artificial Visual Baits for Controlling the Tsetse Fly Glossina fuscipes fuscipes. Plos Neglected Tropical Diseases 3(7). doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0000474.


Alex Welte, Thomas A. McWalter, and Till Bärnighausen (2009) A Simplified Formula for Inferring HIV Incidence from Cross-Sectional Surveys Using a Test for Recent Infection AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 25(1): doi: 10.1089/aid.2008.0150


Pieter W. Uys, Paul D. van Helden and John W. Hargrove (2009) Tuberculosis reinfection rate as a proportion of total infection rate correlates with the logarithm of the incidence rate: a mathematical model. J. R. Soc. Interface 6. doi:10.1098/rsif.2008.0184


Till Bärnighausen , Claudia Wallrauch, Alex Welte, Thomas A. McWalter, Nhlanhla Mbizana, Johannes Viljoen, Natalie Graham, Frank Tanser, Adrian Puren, Marie-Louise Newell (2009) HIV incidence in rural South Africa: comparison of estimates from longitudinal surveillance and cross-sectional cBED assay testing. PLoS ONE 3(11): e3640. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0003640


Pretorius C, Bacaer N, Williams B. G, Robin W, Ouifki R. (2009) On the Relationship between Age, Annual Rate of Infection, and Prevalence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in a South African Township. Clinical Infectious Diseases 48(7). DOI: 10.1086/597357.


Nyabadza Farai, Mukwembi Simon, Rodrigues Bernardo Gabriel. (2009) A tuberculosis model: The case of ?reasonable? and ?unreasonable? infectives. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications 388(10). Doi: 10.1016/j.physa.2009.01.039.


Omolo M. O, Hassanali A, Mpiana S, Esterhuizen J, Lindh J, Lehane M. J, Solano P, Rayaisse J. B, Vale G. A, Torr S. J, Tirados I. (2009) Prospects for developing odour baits to control Glossina fuscipes spp., the major vector of human African trypanosomiasis. Plos Neglected Tropical Diseases 3(5). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0000435.


Pieter W. Uys, Robin Warren, Paul D. van Helden, Megan Murray, and Thomas C. Victor. (2009) Potential of Rapid Diagnosis for Controlling Drug-Susceptible and Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis in Communities Where Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infections Are Highly Prevalent J Clin Microbiol 47(5). doi: 10.1128/JCM.02289-08


Vale G. A. (2009) Prospects for controlling trypanosomosis. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 76(1). PMID: 19967927.


Brian Gerard Williams, David Ginsburg, Julio Montaner, Tienie Stander, Alex Welte (2009) Achieving South Africa's national strategic plan for HIV/AIDS. The Lancet 373(9667). doi/10.1016/S0140-6736(09)60547-X.


Tinevimbo Shiri and Alex Welte (2008) Transient antiretroviral therapy selecting for common HIV-1 mutations substantially accelerates the appearance of rare mutations Theoretical Biology and Medical Modelling 5(25). doi:10.1186/1742-4682-5-25


Williams B. G, Hargrove J. W (2008) The Case For Early Antiretroviral Therapy For HIV/AIDS Quest 4(3).


Bacaër N, Ouifki R, Pretorius C, Wood R, Williams B. (2008) Modelling the joint epidemics of TB and HIV in a South African township J Math Biol 57(4). doi: 10.1007/s00285-008-0177-z.


F. Nyabadza (2008) On the complexities of modeling HIV/AIDS in Southern Africa Mathematical Modelling And Analysis 13(4). doi:10.3846/1392-6292.2008.13.539-552.


Bertran Auvert , Elliot Marseille, Eline L. Korenromp, James Lloyd-Smith, Remi Sitta, Dirk Taljaard, Carel Pretorius, Brian Williams, James G. Kahn (2008) Estimating the Resources Needed and Savings Anticipated from Roll-Out of Adult Male Circumcision in Sub-Saharan Africa PLoS ONE 3(8): e2679. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0002679


Pheiffer C, Carroll N.M, Beyers N, Donald P, Duncan K, Uys P, and Van Helden P. (2008) Time to detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in BACTEC systems as a viable alternative to colony counting. The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 12(7): PMID:18544206


Pieter W Uys, Paul D van Helden, and John W Hargrove (2008) Tuberculosis reinfection rate as a proportion of total infection rate correlates with the logarithm of the incidence rate: a mathematical model J R Soc Interface 6(30). doi: 10.1098/rsif.2008.0184


R. Ouifki, A. Welte, and C. Pretorius (2008) A model of HIV infection with two viral strains and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte response under structured treatment interruptions South African Journal of Science 104(5-6).


Alex Welte (2008) Relating incidence to recent infection prevelance: Application to HIV. South African Journal of Science 104.


Farai Nyabadza (2008) Modelling HIV/AIDS prevention by defense International Journal of Medical, Health, Biomedical, Bioengineering and Pharmaceutical Engineering 2(3).


Nicolas Bacaër, Rachid Ouifki, Carel Pretorius, Robin Wood, Brian Williams (2008) Modeling the joint epidemics of TB and HIV in a South African township J. Math. Biol. 57(557). doi:10.1007/s00285-008-0177-z.


Torr S. J, Della Torre A, Calzetta M, Costantini C, Vale G. A (2008) Towards a fuller understanding of mosquito behaviour: use of electrocuting grids to compare the odour-orientated responses of Anopheles arabiensis and An. quadriannulatus in the field Medical And Veterinary Entomology 22: 93-108. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2915.2008.00723.x


Rachid Ouifkia, Gareth Witten. (2008) Stability analysis of a model for HIV infection with RTI and three intracellular delays. Biosystems 95(1). Doi: 10.1016/j.biosystems.2008.05.027.


Stephen J. Millen, Pieter W. Uys , John Hargrove, Paul D. van Helden, Brian G. Williams (2008) The effect of diagnostic delays on the drop-out rate and the total delay to diagnosis of tuberculosis PLoS ONE 3(4): e1933. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0001933


Stephen J. Millen, Pieter W. Uys , John Hargrove, Paul D. van Helden, Brian G. Williams (2008) The Effect of Diagnostic Delays on the Drop-Out Rate and the Total Delay to Diagnosis of Tuberculosis PLoS ONE 3(4): e1933. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0001933


Farai Nyabadza (2008) Modelling the role of prophylaxis in malaria prevention International Journal Of Biological And Medical Sciences 1(1).


Hargrove John W, Humphrey Jean H, Mutasa Kuda, Parekh Bharat S, McDougal J Steve, Ntozini Robert, Chidawanyika Henry, Moulton Lawrence H, Ward Brian, Nathoo Kusum, Iliff Peter J, Kopp Ekkehard (2008) Improved HIV-1 incidence estimates using the BED capture enzyme immunoassay AIDS 22(4). doi: 10.1097/QAD.0b013e3282f2a960


Nicolas Bacaera, Rachid Ouifkib (2007) Growth rate and basic reproduction number for population models with a simple periodic factor. Mathematical Biosciences 210(2). doi:10.1016/j.mbs.2007.07.005


Hargrove, J. W, Williams, B.G. (2007) Income inequality and HIV prevalence. Response to: Piot P, Greener R, Russell S Squaring the circle: AIDS, Poverty and Human Development PLoS Medicine Vol. 4, No. 10, e314 doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.0040314


J. H. Humphrey, K. J. Nathoo, J. W. Hargrove, P. J. Iliff, K. E. Mutasa, L. H. Moulton, H. Chidawanyika, L. C. Malaba, L. S. Zijenah, P. Zvandasara, R. Ntozini, C. D. Zunguza, B. J. Ward, and the ZVITAMBO Study Group (2007) HIV-1 and HIV-2 prevelance and associated risk factors among postnatal woman in Harare Epidemiol. Infect. 135. doi:10.1017/S0950268806007709


Tavengwa NV, Piwoz EG, Iliff PJ, Moulton LH, Zunguza CD, Nathoo KJ, Hargrove JW; ZVITAMBO Study Group, Humphrey JH. (2007) Adoption of safer infant feeding and postpartum sexual practices and their relationship to maternal HIV status and risk of acquiring HIV in Zimbabwe. Trop Med Int Health 12(1). doi:10.1111/j.1365-3156.2006.01758.x


DSI-NRF Centre of Excellence in Epidemiological Modelling and Analysis